India has naval capabilities close to the Indian Ocean chokepoints particularly across the Malacca Strait which connects the Indian Ocean to the Western Pacific, these waters maintain loads of significance for China since it’s a essential route for vitality and commerce.
India had threatened a naval blockade of Pakistan beforehand in the course of the 1971 warfare. New Delhi has by no means issued any such risk towards Beijing. The Indian navy was reportedly positioned on excessive alert following the Galwan Valley conflict.
Nevertheless, there was no official phrase on whether or not the Indian Navy was contemplating a blockade on Chinese language transport or whether or not it was contemplating interdicting Chinese language tankers close to the Andaman and Nicobar islands, or maybe diverting transport site visitors to and from China.
In June, studies hinted at probabilities of the US transferring its service USS Theodore Roosevelt into the Malacca Straits space in a present of assist for India. In the identical month, the International Occasions was singing praises about China responding by finishing up Naval drills within the South China Sea.
China is aware of that it’s on the backfoot within the Indian Ocean. Beijing is aware of that Malacca dilemma. India is able the place it may monitor the site visitors on the Malacca Straits or the Lombok and Sunda straits. It might probably put strain on the motion of service provider ships whereas site visitors within the excessive seas that’s waters past 12 nautical miles from the coast can’t be impeded. This rule is not going to apply within the occasion of a warfare.
China’s drawback in excessive seas turns into all of the extra grave within the South China Sea the place China is combating six international locations. Eighty per cent of China’s oil imports come by way of the Malacca Strait. It is usually the route for a substantial quantity of Chinese language commerce.
India has been strengthening its maritime cooperation with the Quad international locations. In September for the primary time, an American P-8 Poseidon long-range maritime patrol plane refuelled at an Indian base within the Andaman and Nicobar islands.
In October, New Delhi and Washington signed an settlement to broaden army satellite tv for pc data sharing. India can also be planning to strengthen its maritime infrastructure. A deepwater port is being constructed on the nice Nicobar island for $1.3 billion.
It’s not for nothing that India is working in direction of constructing these naval capacities.